Natural gas contains a mixture of hydrocarbons formed from fossil remains from ancient animals and plants buried deep within the ground. Even though it contains mainly methane, it includes other gases such as butane, propane, pentane and ethane in little quantities. It is cleaner than other fossil fuels used for home heating. Aside from water vapor and carbon dioxide, it does not liberate any other injurious compounds into the atmosphere.
The people of ancient Persia, India and Greece knew about the existence of natural gas by observing burning springs. Burning springs were produced when jets of natural gas, oozing out from cracks or openings in the ground, caught fire as a result of lighting. Russia has the biggest natural gas reserves in the world. Middle Eastern nations have approximately forty percent share of the world’s natural gas deposits, with Iran having nearly a fourteen percent share. There are more than one million miles of natural gas pipelines laid in the US. These are required to meet U.S energy needs alone. Natural gas was utilized for the very first time within the United States in the year 1816. It was used to power streetlights in Baltimore.
More than ninety percent of the natural gas needs of the United States are met from reserves found within the country itself. Natural gas is the third most broadly utilized fuel within the United States, after oil and coal. The EIA (Energy Information Administration) states that natural gas provides approximately twenty four percent of the entire energy requirements of the United States. More than sixty two percent of homes within the country depend upon natural gas to run water heaters, stoves, furnaces plus other home devices.
Industries are the biggest consumers of gas. Aside from using natural gas as an energy source, industries also use it as an ingredient in the manufacture of paints, fertilizers, glue, and ink. It can be utilized within fuel cells to generate electricity, as opposed to using batteries. This might enhance the efficiency of generating electricity, and thus reduce electricity prices in Ohio. In spite of its various uses, natural gas has a few disadvantages. One of its main disadvantages is that it’s high flammable, which can pose serious danger to consumers.